North Carolina State Libpary
NORTH CAROLINA AT GETTYSBURG
Photos of North Carolina Monument by Bob Jones
NORTH CAROLINA AT GETTYSBURG
Published by the North Carolina
Confederate Centennial Commission
on the occasion of the rededication
of the North Carolina Monument at
Gettysburg National Military Park,
July 1, 1963.
"The man in front must be thoughtful and
conscious of his danger and determined. The
one just back of him, the hoy, will express
an amazement, fear~a little— but surprise
and youth more; the man next to him . . , I
will give an expression of anger, a slightly
'snarling grin,' Of course the boy back of
him, with the flag, is too much occupied
with the load he is carrying and its im-
portance to be anxious about anything but
— Gutzon Bar glum
THE NORTH CAROLINA MONUMENT
In 1927 the General Assembly of North Carolina
appropriated $50,000 for the erection of a monument
to the North Carolina troops at Gettysburg. The
North Carolina Gettysburg Memorial Commission,
consisting of members of the United Daughters of
the Confederacy and the Confederate Veterans, was
established- to supervise the project; and Gutzon
Borglum, who had previously done statues of North
Carolinians Henry Lawson Wyatt, Zebulon B. Vance
and William B. Aycock, was commissioned to do the
Born in Idaho in 1867, Borglum was a painter,
sculptor, engineer and, above all, a patriot.
Passionately devoted to America's ideals and
traditions, he sought to memoralize them in stone
and bronze. In the North Carolina monument he
strove not so much to depict men, or even a state,
but to express the universal ideals of courage and
honor. None who have seai Borglum 's five giants
at Gettysburg can doubt that he succeeded.
The North Carolina monument was dedicated at
Gettysburg on July 3, 1929. Hundreds of Tarheels
came by special train to witness the unveiling.
Governor O. Max Gardner (1929-1933) presided at
the dedication ceremonies; and .former Governor
Angus W. McLean (1925-1929), a personal friend
of the sculptor, made the principal address. Ac-
cepting the monument on behalf of the Secretary of
War was Brigadier General B.F. Cheatham.
A year after the unveiling, a visitor to Gettys-
burg, C.W. McDevett, wrote in the Raleigh News and
Observer that he saw larger groups around the
Borglum monument than around any other statue on
the field. "All gazed into those faces of bronze — , "
he wrote, "faces that seemed filled with life— and
paid tribute to the likenesses of men— strong,
purposeful, clean-limbed men— who had been their
fathers' and their grandfathers' foes. Borglum had
imagined them worthy foemen, indeed, and his
genius had made his hands the servant of his
Some will say the sculptor's carving of the
four presidents on Mount Rushmore was his greatest
work or that his Wars of America Memorial in
Newark, New Jersey, was his best. But North
Carolinians will concur with Mr. McDevett and, like
him, say, "Borglum will never carve anything to
equal his Tar Heel heroes at Gettysburg."
OVERLEAF - The North Carolina Monument as
it appeared after Its unveiling July 3, 1929. The
children, all-descendants of Confederate soldiers,
took port in the program.
THF GUTZON BORGLUM NORTH CAROLINA MONUMENT
GETTYSBURG NATIONAL MILITARY PARK
July 1, 1963, 4:30 p.m.
Band Concert Twenty- sixth North Carolina Regimental Band
Invocation Dr. Donald Heiges ,
President, Lutheran Seminary
Introduction of Guests Norman C. Larson
Executive Secretary, The North Carolina
Confederate Centennial Commission
Presentation of Battle Flags Sixth North Carolina Regiment
Introduction of Speaker Mrs. O. Max Gardner
Shelby, North Carolina
Rededication Address Hon. Hector MacLean
State Senator, Robeson County
Civil War Medley South Rowan High School Band
Charles Driver, Director
Benediction Dr. Donald Heige
The Twenty-sixth Regimental Band of
yesterday . . ,
. . . and three members of today's band. They
are (left to right) cornettists Paul Morris, Pete
Blum and Sam Fort.
THE TWENTY-SIXTH REGIMENTAL BAND
When the Twenty-sixth Regimental Band plays,
listeners are transported into the past— to an era
when war was still a gentleman's game and bands,
as important to the game as ammunition. Uniformed
in Confederate gray, playing instruments of the
1860 period, and sporting whiskers and sideburns,
members of the Band present a colorful picture as
they play the quicksteps and marches dear to the
hearts of their ancestors.
The nineteen-member Band traces its beginnings
back as far as 1772 when the Moravian community
of Salem, North Carolina, Required its first set of
trombones. The Salem Band's evolution from
ecclesiastical wind choir to military band was a
gradual one, but by the 1830's the organization had
become almost completely secular in nature.
Influenced largely by the spirit of their own
music, the musicians were quick to respond to the
rising tide of war sentiment engendered by the
firing on Fort Sumter. In March, 1862, the Salem
Band cast their lot with the famous Twenty-sixth
North Carolina Regiment, then commanded by
Zebulon B. Vance, soon to become governor.
They served first in eastern North Carolina
and subsequently followed the Twenty-sixth Reg-
iment to many of the major battlefields of the
Civil War. Medics as well as musicians, the bands-
men cared for the wounded on the fields and in
the hospitals. They served in this capacity at
Gettysburg where their own regiment lost in killed
and wounded over three-fourths of its men.
Outstanding at Gettysburg and throughout the
Civil War, and a major contributor to the musical
life of 18th Century America, the Salem Band is a
venerable and highly unique ensemble. It is not
only the second oldest continuing musical organiza-
tion in the United States, but is as well "the oldest
continuing mixed wind ensemble or band in this
*Harry H. Hall, A Johnny Reb Band from Salem:
The Pride of T ar he e I ia, (Raleigh: The North Carolina
Confederate Centennial Commission, 1963), 2.
THE SIXTH NORTH CAROLINA REGIMENT
Early in its career, the Sixth North Carolina
Regiment, organized in 1861, was sent to the tiny
railroad hamlet of Company Shops for training.
There, under Colonel Charles F. Fisher, President
of the North Carolina Railroad Company, farmers,
railroad men, teachers and artisans were molded
into the fighting unit that became famous at Ma-
nassas, Seven Pines and Gettysburg.
Today Company Shops no longer exists; it has
been replaced by the progressive textile community
of Burlington, North Carolina. The men of the
fighting Sixth, too, have passed on. But there is in
their stead a new regiment— the reactivated Sixth
North Carolina commanded by Burlington hosiery
manufacturer Colonel W. Cliff Elder.
This new Sixth Regiment was organized by ^the
Alamance County Confederate Centennial Com-
mittee to participate in the re-enactraent of the
Battle of Wanassas in July, 1961. There, re-creating
the famous charge by the Sixth on Rickett's and
Griffin's batteries, the Regiment gave a performance
which won the plaudits of all who witnessed it.
After the Manassas re-enactment, the original
roster of 100 men grew to 130, and late in 1961 the
ranks were again swelled by the formation of a
new company, Company B. Composed of fourteen
and fifteen year olds, Company B operates apart
from the parent Regiment, its members joining the
ranks of the Sixth as vacancies occur.
Under Colonel Elder, "authenticity" has
become the watchword of the unit. All members of
the Sixth carry weapons of the type used by Confed-
erates, and all are uniformed and accoutered like
their Civil War predecessors. Drilled according to
Hardee's Tactics, the standard infantry manual of
the 1860's, the Regiment is frequently called upon
to give military exhibitions and mock skirmishes
and to participate in parades and centennial com-
The Sixth North Carolina Regiment at the Re-
enactment of the Battle of First Manassas,
July 21, 1961.
THE SOUTH ROWAN
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL "REBEL*
The South Rowan Senior High School, located
between Landis and China Grove, North Carolina,
was opened in 1960 as a consolidation of the
Landis and China Grove High Schools. The "Rebel"
Band was organized during that first year and
marched in their black, red, and white uniforms at
the first home football game.
Charles Driver was named director of the South
Rowan Band and conducted it in the performance
which won a rating of "Excellent" at the State
Band Contest in 1960. A student of Captain James
C. Harper, nationally known bandmaster, Driver
was a member of the U.S. Navy Concert Band during
his six years in the service.
Highlighting the second year of the Band's
existence was the invitation it received to play
for Vice-President Lyndon Johnson when he came
to Salisbury during the 1962 congressional campaign.
In 1963 the Band, again winner of an "Ex-
cellent" rating in the State Band Contest, was
invited to participate in the 100th anniversary
commemoration of the Battle of Gettysburg. The
South Rowan "Rebel" Band was the only high
school band in the state to receive such an invita-
The South Rowan Senior High School
A BRIEF NARRATIVE OF NORTH CAROLINA AT
by Norman C. Larson
The story of North Carolina at Gettysburg is one
of dedication and bravery. It is also one of
frustration, heartbreak and sorrow. To tell this story
in detail, and as it should be told, is virtually
impossible in this limited space. There are, how-
ever, certain moments which stand out above all
others, and it is with these that we now concern
In all, some forty-one North Carolina units took
part in this great, three-day battle fought on the 1st,
2nd and 3rd of July, 1863. Called by many "The
High Tide of the Confederacy," the battle stands as
one of the greatest bloodbaths in American history.
For North Carolina it was an extremely costly
engagement. Of the total Confederate casualties,
approximately one-fifth were from the Old North
State; and of this number, almost 1,000 made the
Essentially, the battle was brought on by
Tarheels when, on the 30th of June, the brigade of
General James Johnston Pettigrew, on a quest for
shoes, approached the quiet Pennsylvania borough
of Gettysburg. Nearing its outskirts, Pettigrew's
men encountered various elements of General John
Buford's Federal cavalry. Under orders not to engage
in a major contest, the Carolinian withdrew his
small force and retired to a point several miles
from town on the west bank of Marsh Creek. Contact
had been made, however, and the sanguinary battle
was destined to follow.
THE FIRST DAY
On the morning of July 1, Pettigrew's North
Carolinians, with the division of General Henry
Heth, took up the march to Gettysburg. Again
the objective was the acquisition oi badly needed
footwear, but this time the quest would be in
force—more than shoes would be found in Gettys-
burg! As Heth's Division, closely followed by the
division of William Dorsey Pender, neared the
town, contact was made with advance units of
Buford's cavalry. The battle was on.
First to engage were the brigades of General
James J. Archer and General Joseph Davis. With
Davis was the Fifty-fifth North Carolina, commanded
by Colonel J.K. Connally. During the ensuing action
along Willoughby Run and McPherson's Ridge,
both brigades suffered extremely high casualties
and were withdrawn from the field in a greatly
decimated condition. The Fifty-fifth acquitted
itself well and, until caught in a fierce enfilade
fire, seemed to be having its own way with the
Next, it fell to the brigade of Johnston Pettigrew
to assume the offensive. This time the Confederates
were more successful; and after a fierce and bloody
struggle, the opposing Federal line, consisting of
the famous "Iron Brigade," was driven from its
position on McPherson's Ridge back to the vicinity
of the Lutheran Seminary which stands just west of
Pettigrew's weary men sank to the bloody ground
in complete exhaustion while officers evaluated
losses. Of 800 effectives at the beginning of the
action, the Twenty-sixth North Carolina could now
muster only 216. Many of its officers were killed
or wounded, among them Colonel Henry King
Burgwyn, scarcely twenty-one years old.
Others in Pettigrew's Brigade members of the
Eleventh, Forty-seventh and Fifty-second North
Carolina Regiments— had fared almost as badly as
the Twenty-sixth, but the objective had been taken,
the vital ground won; and once again, as so often
in the past, the boys from the Old North State had
come through for the Confederacy.
After the assault by the Carolinians on Mc-
pherson's Ridge, there came another and equally
ferocious attack on the new Federal position along
Seminary Hill and Ridge. This time it was William
Dorsey Pender, in command of A. P. Hill's old
Light Division, who led the way. Pender was the
highest ranking Carolinian on the field, and his
fatal wounding on the second day at Gettysburg
was for the Confederates one of the most tragic
occurrences of the battle. Pender led his men into
action with a rush. Over the exhausted remnants
of Pettigrew's Brigade went the Tarheels of
Generals James H. Lane and Alfred M. Scales.
Slowly at first, the Federal defenders were pushed
back from their position, and then in complete and
utter rout they were driven through Gettysburg.
Again the Carolinians had proved their worth.
While this heavy fighting was transpiring in
the McPnerson and Seminary Ridge area, another
and equally savage engagement had developed to
the north and northeast of town. Robert Rodes and
Jubal Early's Divisions had now moved up and
taken their place in line of battle. With the position-
ing of Hoke's Brigade, under Colonel Isaac Avery,
on the extreme left across the Harrisburg Road, the
Confederate line was solidified and extended for
several miles. To the right of its center were the
brigades of Alfred Iverson, Junius Daniels and
Dodson Ramseur. Of these, Iverson's Brigade was
engaged first. As the gallant Carolinians pressed
forward they were greeted by a solid wall of Federal
musketry. When the smoke had cleared, 500 Tarheels
lay dead. So perfect was their alignment, that the
scene presented an image of soldiers on parade.
Following Iverson's repulse, the brigades of
Ramseur and Daniels— North Carolinians all— were
ordered forward by General Rodes. To their left
and on the Federal right, Early's Division, with
Hoke's vaunted North 'Carolina brigade, was thrown
into the engagement. For the first time that day the
attack by the Confederates was in concert. On the
left, in the center and to the right the Confederate
force surged ahead. Within a short while the fighting
of the first day had ended. The rout of two Federal
army corps had been effected, and total victory was
at hand for the Confederates.
The victory, however, was not to be. The
staggering success of the day was not followed
up, and strategic positions— as they would soon
prove to be— such as Cemetery Hill, Culp's Hill and
Cemetery Ridge were literally handed to the
During the evening of July 1, additicial troops,
both Federal and Confederate, were moved into the
area. The Federal line was extended from Culp's
and Cemetery Hills to Little Roundtop, and the
stage was set for the action of the 2nd and 3rd of
THE SECOND DAY
Fighting was scant on the morning of the 2nd,
the majority of time being spent in disposition of
troops. The battle was not to resume its inten-
sity until late in the afternoon when Confederates
under General James Longstreet launched an
assault in the Roundtop area. The fighting was
fierce and sanguinary and raged about and upon
Big and Little Roundtop, in the Devil's Den,
Peach Orchard and in the Wheat Field. With the
exception of three batteries of artillery, few
North Carolinians were engaged in this action.
Tarheel fighting was yet to come.
General Lee's strategy had called for an attack
en echelon to begin at the extreme left of the Union
line. As the fighting progressed up Cemetery Ridge,
another assault was to be made on the extreme
Union right at Cemetery Hill. Unfortunately, this
attack was late in coming and, instead of beginning
at an early hour, it was not launched until approx-
imately 7:00 p.m. By this time the fight on the
Ridge had virtually subsided, and the effect of
confusion that Lee had hoped would come of the
Cemetery Hill attack was not forthcoming. Neverthe-
less, the assault on East Cemetery Hill was one
of the most daring and soldierly actions of the
entire three days' battle; and had the proper sup-
port been given to the assault forces, the course of
battle might well have been chang'ed.
After wearily awaiting the signal to launch
their offensive, Hoke's Brigade of Carolinians
and H^ys' Louisiana Brigade, both of Early's
Division, finally heard the bugle's call to action.
Eagerly springing to their feet, the Tarheels and
Tigers moved out. Their advance was immediately
greeted by an intense barrage of Federal artillery,
which inflicted heavy casualties. But nothing could
stop them now. On they went, over fences and
across open fields, until the first line of Federal
defense was reached. The momentum of their charge
carried them up and over the stone wall behind which
Union soldiers had taken cover. The Federal line
crumpled and was swept before the determined
Southerners. A second line was breached, and
finally the gallant band of Confederates stood
atop Cemetery Hill, key to the entire Federal line.
But the victorious assailants were offered no
support, and the ground for which they had fought
so desperately would soon be returned to a counter-
In command of Hoke's Brigade at the outset of
the Cemetery Hill engagement was Colonel Isaac E.
Avery, of the fighting Sixth North Carolina. Given
the responsibility of a brigadier general, Avery
valiantly led his own Sixth, commanded by Samuel
McDowell Tate, as well as the Twenty-first and
Fifty-seventh North Carolina, in fhe charge. In the
thick of the fighting, Avery was mortally wounded
as his men pierced the first line of defense. As his
life ebbed and his gallant soldiers swept past
him and up Cemetery Hill, Avery found time to
write a message which, in essence, has become
the story of North Carolina at Gettysburg. Penned
on bloodstained paper, the story is simply, "Major,
"tell my father I fell with my face to the enemy."
As the battle on East Cemetery Hill was being
fought, another was unfolding to the left on Culp's
Hill. Here the division of General Edward Johnson
had also gone into action. Effecting a lodgement at
the base of trhe hill, the Confederates seemed to
be once again in position to bring about a decisive
victory; but with the advent of darkness, the
fighting was halted. With Johnson, in Steuart's
Brigade, were the First and Third North Carolina
During the night Lee drew up his plan of battle
for the following day. Realizing that success had
been within his grasp on both the 1st and 2nd, and
assuming that the center of the Federal line had
been weakened from the fierce attack of the day,
he determined to launch a full-scale frontal assault.
The attack was to begin with a diversionary
assault in the early hours of morning on the extreme
Union right at Gulp's Hill. This action would be
conducted by General Johnson, supported by
additional troops from Rodes' Division. As this
fighting unfolded, General Longstreet would
launch an offensive against the Union center which
would crush the enemy opposition.
THE THIRD DAY
For many at Gettysburg the morning of July 3
came earlier than was expected. At approximately
4:00 a.m. Federal artillery seized the initiative
from Lee. A fierce cannonade was laid down upon
the Confederates entrenched about the base of
Culp's Hill. Attack followed attack, and for seven
hours the fighting raged. Ammunition expended,
men of the Third North Carolina searched the
bodies of dead and dying comrades for bullets,
found t!iem, and once again sprung to the task at
hand. Finally at 11:00 a.m., almost as if by mutual
agreement, the fighting came to an end. The first
scene in the final act of the drama of Gettysburg
Now the final curtain was ready to be raised.
The players had lain in wait all morning listening to
the rumble of artillery and staccato bark of muskets.
Along Seminary Ridge and along Cemetery Ridge
Confederates and Federals alike had tended to
equipment, cleaned their weapons and done the
hundreds of other little chores so familiar to soldiers
At approximately 1:00 p.m. the Confederate
signal guns were fired— first one, and then in a few
moments, a second. Their rough barking signaled the
advent of one of the most intense cannonades in
history. On the Confederate side, all along Seminary
Ridge, more than a hundred big guns opened up. For
almost two hours they belched death and destruction.
Along Cemetery Ridge, from Little Round Top
to Cemetery Hill, the Federal gunners replied in
kind. At last, the Federal firing seemed to slacken.
The order to advance was given, and forty-one
Confederate fighting units began their famous
Commanded by General James Longstreet, the
attacking force was made up of the divisions of
General George Pickett, newly arrived on the field,
and General James Johnston Pettigrew, who now
commanded Henry Heth's Division. Pender's demi-
division, commanded by General Isaac Trimble, com-
posed the rest of the assault force.
Nineteen of the regiments were from Virginia;
fifteen, from North Carolina; three, from Mississippi;
two, from Tennessee; and one regiment and one
battalion were from Alabama.
The men of Pickett's Division, on the Confed-
erate right, move out first. Pettigrew's men
advance on the left, and as they burst from the
woods along Seminary Ridge and join up with
Pickett's men they present a solid front extending
for almost a mile. Immediately behind Pettigrew is
Trimble and his Carolinians.
Now Federal artillery opens firoi-the big guns
have not been silenced with solid shot at first,
then explosive shell and finally, as the Confederate
infantry nears the Federal line, with grape and
cannister, double-loaded. The toll is heavy as the
Confederates cross the open field. Soldier after
soldier slumps to the ground, only to have his
place filled by someone from the rear.
The Confederate left is caught in an enfilade
fire. Brokenbrough's Virginians and Davis' Mis-
sissippians falter, then press forward. On the
right, Pickett's Virginians are equally hard pressed.
General Kemper is hit, then General Garnett. Now
Armistead and a handful of his men are over the
stone wall. Sword in hand, the gallant General is
struck and falls to the ground mortally wounded.
The struggle now is extremely fierce; combat
is hand to hand, toe to toe. Now Pettigrew's men
are closing fast. As they near the stone wall they
let out a shout and break into a run. Colonel Fry,
commanding General Archer's Tennessee and
Alabama troops, hits the wall at the angle it makes
as it turns abruptly eastward. To his left Pettigrew's
men surge forward. Now Trimble's men come up
from their rear position and join in the affray.
As they surge ahead someone shouts, "Three cheers
for the Old North State!" Trimble falls, seriously
wounded. Pettigrew is wounded. Colonel J.K.
Marshall, in command of Pettigrew's Brigade, is
hit. For a short while the battle rages.
Now General Lane, whose men have reached
the stone wall some eighty yards behind Fry's and
Armistead's point of contact, attempts to shift his
men to the left to meet an attack on his flank. He
sees that the entire Confederate left has given
way. He looks to his right— Pickett's men have also
disappeared. Lane with his handful of men and a
few from Scales' Brigade are all that remain on the
field. The situation is hopeless and the General
prudently orders his men to withdraw. Slowly they
fall back, and with them goes the hope of the
Confederacy for a decisive victory at Gettysburg.
The Battle of Gettysburg ended with that final,
gallant charge. The war continued for two more
lengthy and bloody years, but for all practical
purposes the High Tide of the Confederacy had been
reached and its doom sealed.
In all phases of the battle North Carolinians,
along with their comrades in arms, fought with a
valor and gallantry seldom displayed by any fighting
force. Their story is one of which we in this
twenuetn ceniury can be justifiably proud, and
one to which we can turn for a never-ending source
SOME OUTSTANDING NORTH
CAROLINIANS AT GETTYSBURG
ISAAC ERWIN AVERY was born at
"Swan Ponds" in Burke County,
North Carolina, December 20, 1828.
Upon graduation from the University
of North Carolina, he became
supervisor of a large stock farm and
later, contractor on the Western North
Carolina Railroad. When war broke
out, he helped raise a company for
the Sixth Regiment; and after the
Battle of Seven Pines, he was
promoted lieutenant colonel. In
command of Hoke's former brigade at
Gettysburg, he led the unit in its
assault upon Cemetery Hill late
in the afternoon of the second day.
In this action he was mortally
wounded and died after writing the
immortal message: "Major, tell my
father I fell with my face to the
RISDEN TYLER BENNETT was
born in Anson County on JunS 18,
1840. At the age of sixteen he
entered the University of North
Carolina but,* strongly opposed
to hazing, left soon after enrolling.
After traveling through the West,
Bennett attended Davidson College
and Cumberland University, Lebanon,
Tennessee, where he studied law.
His law practice interrupted by the
war, Bennett enlisted in the
Confederate army as a private in the
Anson Guards. His competency soon
won him the rank of corporal and
then, in 1862, that of colonel. He was
wounded at Sharpsburg and at Gettys-
burg and finally, at Winchester, was
captured. Paroled in 1864, he re-
newed his law practice. In 1872 he
was elected to the North Carolina
House of Representatives and in
1880 became a judge of the Superior
Court. Elected congressman from
North Carolina in 1882, Bennett
served in the Forty-eighth Congress
and in the Forty-ninth. Death came
to the soldier-jurist on July 21, 1913.
HENRY KING BURGWYN , son of a
wealthy planter, was born in
Massachusetts in 1841. He received
an appointment to West Point but
after matriculating was found to be
underage. Enrolling as a special
student at the University of North
Carolina, he graduated from there
in 1859 at the age of eighteen. Sub-
sequently he studied at Virginia
Military Institute. At the beginning
of the war, Burgwyn was major in
command of Camp Crabtree, a camp
of instruction outside Raleigh. When
the Twenty-sixth Regiment was
formed there, he was elected its
lieutenant colonel, later becoming
colonel when Zeb Vance was elected
governor. On the first day at
Gettysburg, leading his men in an
attack on the famous Iron Brigade,
the twenty-one year old colonel was
struck by a bullet and killed. His
body was buried beneath a walnut
tree on the field .
JUNIUS DANIEL was born at Halifax,
North Carolina, on June 27, 1828. A
graduate of West Point, he served
seven years in the U.S. Army before
joining the Confederate service. He
was elected colonel of the Fourteenth
North Carolina Infantry in 1861 ana
led them in the Seven Days battles.
In 1862 he was promoted brigadier
general. On the first day at Gettys-
burg his command, which was as-
signed to Rodes' Division, suffered
heavier losses than any other
brigade in the crops, and Daniels
himself performed gallantly. On May
12, 1864, at the "Bloody Angle" of
Spotsylvania Court House, Daniel
was mortally wounded while trying
to recapture the Confederate works
"at the tip of the mule shoe." He
died the following day.
BRYAN GBIMES was born November
2, 1828, at "Grimesland" in Pitt
County. He studied law at the
University of North Carolina,
graduating in 1848. A member of the
secession convention of 1861, he
resigned to '_ecome major of the
Fourth North Carolina Regiment. In
1862 Grimes was promoted colonel
and eventually rose to brigadier and
major general. His commission as
major general was the last such
appointment made in Lee's army.
Colonel Grimes was at Seven Pines,
where every officer in the Fourth
except himself was either killed or
wounded, and at Antietam, where
the second of no less than seven
horses was shot from under him.
At Appomattox he led one of the last
attacks of the war; and with the
signing of the surrender, he returned
to his North Carolina plantation. On
August 14, 1880, his fabled luck ran
out. Returning from a trip to Wash-
ington, North Carolina, he was shot
and killed by an assassin
ROBERT DANIEL JOHNSTON , a
native of Lincoln County, North
Carolina, was born March 19, 1837.
Following graduation from the Uni-
vprsity of North Carolina, he studied
law at the University of Virginia and
was admitted to the North Carolina
bar. He entered the service of the
Confederacy as captain of Company
K, Twenty-third North Carolina
Infantry, and was promoted lieu-
tenant colonel in May, 1862. He was
wounded at Seven Pines and again
at Spotsylvania. After gallant service
at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg,
he was commissioned brigadier gen-
eral. During the latter part of the
war. General Johnston was at
Petersburg and along the Roanoke
River line. His postwar career
included a law practice at Charlotte,
North Carolina, the presidency of the
Birmingham, Alabama, National
Bank and work in the U.S. Land
THOMAS STEPHEN KENAN was
born in Kenansville, North Carolina,
in 1838. After graduation from the
University of North Carolina, he
studied law, beginning his practice
in 1860. In 1861 he became a captain
in the military company known as the
Duplin Rifles, which was assigned
to the First, or Bethel Regiment.
Later the company was reorganized
and assigned to the Forty-third
Regiment, and Kenan became a
lieutenant colonel. At Gettysburg he
participated in the Seminary Ridge
fighting on the first day, and on the
third day he took part in the Culp's
Hill assault. He was severely
wounded while leading a charge. As
Kenan was being taken to the rear,
he was captured and not released
until March, 1865. After the war he
served as Attorney-General of North
Carolina for eight years.
WILLIAM WHEDBEE KIRKLAND was
born at "Ayrmont" in Hillsboro,
North Carolina, February 13, 1833.
An officer in the U.S. Marine Corps
from 1855 to 1860, he resigned his
commission at the outbreak of the
war. He was elected colonel of the
Twenty-first North Carolina Infantry
in 1861 and led them at First
Manassas and in Jackson's Valley
Campaign of 1862. After recuperating
from a severe wound received at
Winchester, he rejoined his regiment
during the invasion of Pennsylvania
and fought gallantly at Gettysburg
and at Bristoe Station. His promotion
to brigadier general dates from
August 29, 1863 Returning to North
Carolina in 1864, he was at Fort
Fisher and at Bentonville. Af»er the
war General Kirkland settled in
Savannah and later moved to New
York. His last years were spent
in a soldiers' home in Washington,
JAMES HENRY LANE, born and
educated in Virginia, was professor
of natural philosophy and instructor
in military tactics at North Carolina
Military Institute at the outbreak of
the Civil War. Elected major of the
F'irst North Carolina Volunteers, or
Bethel Regiment, in 1861, he later
became colonel of the Twenty-eighth
North Carolina when the Volunteers
were reorganized into regiments.
He led his regiment at Second
Manassas and succeeded to the
command of Branch's Brigade at
Antietam. His promotion to brigadier
dates from November 1, 1862. At
Gettysburg Lane's Brigade partic-
ipated in the first and third uiy's
action, losing in killed and wounded
almost fifty per cent of its men.
After the war. Lane returned to
teaching in private schools in
Virginia and North Carolina. Later
he was associated with Virginia
Polytechnic Institute, the Missouri
School of Mines and Alabama
Polytechnic Institute. He died in
1907 in Auburn, Alabama.
COLLETT LEVENTHORPE was a
captain in the British Army before
emigi;ating to the United States and
settling in western North Carolina.
Casting his lot with his adopted
state, he became colonel of the
Thirty-fourth Regiment in 1861. In
April of 1862 he was elected colonel
of the Eleventh North Carolina
Regiment, a unit which the Inspector-
General of the Confederate army
termed "the best drilled, best
equipped and best armed regiment
in the Army of Northern Virginia."
Having served mainly in North
Carolina in the early part of the war,
Leventhorpe participated in the
Battle of Gettysburg when his
regiment joined the Army of Northern
Virginia. Wounded and captured in
that battle, he was e.xchanged nine
months later. He was appointed a
brigadier general of North Carolina
troops but declined a later appoint-
ment as brigadier general in the
Confederate service. After the war,
Leventhorpe resumed his business
career in the South.
WILLIAM GASTON LEWIS was born
September 3, 1835, in Rocky Mount,
North Carolina. Upon graduation from
the University of North Carolina, he
became a school teacher and
government surveyor; and from 1858
to 1861 he had a part in the construc-
tion of the Wilmington and Weldon
Railroad. He was in the Bethel
Regiment early in the war and was
later elected major of the Thirty-third
North Carolina. In April, 1862, he
became lieutenant colonel of the
F'brty-third North Carolina. He was at
Gettysburg and Petersburg, and on
May 31, 1864, was commissioned
brigadier "general. On the retreat
toward Appomatto.x in 1865, he was
wounded and captured. After his
parole, he returned to North Carolina
and for some thirteen years was State
Engineer. He died January 7, 1901.
WILLIAM DORSEY PENDER , one
of North Carolina's most outstanding
soldiers, was born in Edgecombe
County, February 6, 1834. He
attended West Point, from which he ^
was graduated in 1854, and served
in the U.S. Army until 1861
Resigning to join the Confederate
service, he was commissioned
captain of C.S.A. Artillery and took
charge of recruiting in Baltimore. In
May, 1861, he was elected colonel
of the Thirteenth North Carolina
Regiment. He later transferred to the
Sixth Regim.ent and after Seven Pines
was commissioned a brigadier
general. After the wounding of A. P.
Hill at Chancellorsville, Pender
assumed temporary command of the
famous Light Division and sub-
sequently was promoted major
general. On the second day at
Gettysburg, General Pender, who
commanded a division, received a
severe leg wound. Evacuated to
Staunton, Virginia, he died on July
18 after an amputation. His body
lies in the Calvary churchyard at
Tarboro, North Carolina. Pender
County was named in his honor.
JAMES JOHNSTON PETTIGREW,
born July 4, 1828, was a native of
Tyrrell County and spent his early
youth ^t "Bonvara," the family
estate. Graduating from the Uni-
versity of North Carolina with a
brilliant scholastic record, Pettigrew
became an assistant at the National
Observatory in Washington, D.C.
Subsequently he studied at Heidel-
berg, Germany, and traveled in
Europe. He returned home to study
law and went into partnership with
his uncle in Charleston, South
Carolina. After a period in the South
Carolina Legislature, Pettigrew took
a part in the reorganization of the
state militia. When war broke out, he
enlisted as a private in Hampton's
Legion and later became colonel of
the Twelfth North Carolina Regiment
He was promoted brigadier general
and was wounded and captured at
Seven Pines. Exchanged two months
later, he took command of Heth's
Division at Gettysburg and led them
in the assault on Cemetery Ridge.
He was mortally wounded at Palling
Waters on the night of July 13-14 and
died on July 17, 1863.
STEPHEN DODSON RAMSEUR was
born at Lincolnton, North Carolina,
May 31, 1837. He attended Davidson
College but left to accept an appoint-
ment to West Point, from which he
graduated in 1860. On April 6, 1861,
Ramseur resigned from the U.S. Army
to enter the service of the Con-
federacy. Beginning his career as
captain of the Ellis Light Infantry,
he later was elected colonel of the
Forty-ninth North Carolina. He took
part in the Peninsula Campaign and
was successively promoted major
and colonel. Commissioned brigadier
general on November 1, 1862, he took
the .field at Chancellorsville and
was wounded. The day after his
twenty-seventh birthday he was
tiromoted major general, becoming
the youngest West Pointer to attain
that rank in the Confederate army.
He participated in battles at Gettys-
burg, The Wilderness, Winchester and
Cedar Creek. In the latter named
battle, on October 19, 1864, he was
wounded and captured. Taken to
Sheridan's headquarters, he died
there the following day.
ALFRED MOORE SCALES, born in
Reidsville in November, 1827, was a
lawyer, legislator and congressman
before becoming captain of Company
H, Thirteenth North Carolina
Regiment. Promoted colonel in
October, 1861, he led the Regiment
at Yorktown, Williamsburg, in the
Seven Days and at Fredericksburg.
At Chancellorsville he was wounded.
Promoted brigadier general, he
commanded Pender's Brigade at
Gettysburg and was severely
wounded at Seminary Ridge on the
first day. He was in the Battle of
the Wilderness and at the Peters-
burg siege After the war. Scales
continued his law practice in
Greensboro and his political career.
He served in the state legislature
and in Congress. In 1885 he was
elected Governor of North Carolina
and held the office for four years.
He died in February, 1892.
SAMUEL MCDOWELL TATE was
born in Morganton, North Carolina,
September 8, 1830. After spending
the early part of his youth in Phila-
delphia, he returned to his native
state in the early fifties. Before
the war Tate was associated with
Charles F. Fisher in the building of
the Western North Carolina Railroad
and served as a member of the Board
of Directors. When Fisher was elected
colonel of the newly organized Sixth
Regiment, Tate served under him as
captain. He was with the Regiment at
Manassas, where Fisher was killed,
Seven Pines, Gaines' Mill, and Second
Manassas. After the last named battle
Tate was promoted major. As a
lieutenant colonel at Gettysburg he
commanded the Sixth Regiment, Tate
was wounded three times-cat Rap-
pahannock Bridge, Cedar Creek and at
Fort Stedman. After the war he was
extremely active in the affairs of the
Western North Carolina Railroad,
serving as president until 1868. For
six years he was a member of the state
legislature, and in 1886 he was
appointed a district examiner of
national banks. He later served as
North Carolina State Treasurer. He
died suddenly at his home on June 25
NORTH CAROLINA TROOPS AT GETTYSBURG*
On July 4, 1863, it retreated back to
I CORPS - LIEUT. GEN. JAMES LONGSTREET
II CORPS - LIEUT. GEN. RICHARD S. EWELL
McLaws' Division - Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws
COMPANY A, FIRST REGIMENT N.C. ARTILLERY-
Capt. B.C. Manly - Company A, First Regiment
North Carolina Artillery, reached Gettysburg on
July 2, 1863, at about 2:00 p.m. The Company,
which was attached to Cabell's Battalion, was
engaged in an artillery duel on July 2 with the
Union guns at the Peach Orchard- On the third
day a section of Napoleons was engaged in an
artillery duel. During the night of July 3, the
Company withdrew and went to Hagerstown.
Hood's Division - Maj. Gen. John B. Hood
COMPANY F, THIRTEENTH BATTALION N.C.
LIGHT ARTILLERY - Capt. A.C. Latham - Known
as the "Branch Artillery" or "Latham's Bat-
tery," Company F was engaged July 1-3 at
Gettysburg. Its position was at the right of
Hood's Division on July 2 and 3.
COMPANY D, FIRST REGIMENT N.C. ARTILLERY-
Capt. James Reilly - Company D was engaged
on the extreme right of the line on the second
day at Gettysburg and on July 3 was in the same
•compiled from material in Walter Clark's (ed.)
Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from
North Carolina in the Great War, 1861-'65 (5 vols.;
Goldsboro, N.C: Nash Brothers, Book and Job Printers,
Early's Division - Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early
Hoke's Brigade - Col. Isaac E. Avery
SIXTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Maj. Samuel
McDowell Tate - On the evening of the second
day at Gettysburg, the Sixth Regiment stormed
Cemetery Hill and, with Hays' Louisiana Tigers,
succeeded in taking the Federal position.
However, they were too weak to hold it against
counterattack and, lacking support, were forced
back. On the third day the Regiment remained
in line along the southern edge of town and on
the fourth was in line along Seminary Ridge.
TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
William W. Kirkland - The Regiment was conspic-
uous in the first day's action where it assisted
in driving the enemy through the town. In the
assault on Cemetery Hill on July 2, four out of
five of the color bearers were killed. All the
field officers of the Twenty-first were killed and
wounded except Col. Kirkland, who subsequently
was promoted brigadier general. The Regiment
was not engaged July 3.
FIFTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Archibald C. Godwin - The Fifty-seventh was
engaged throughout July 1 on the extreme left of
Early''s Division. It took part in the assault on..
Cemetery Hill on July 2, after which it was
engaged no further. The unit was in the rear of
the army on the march to the Potomac.
Johnson's Division - Maj. Gen. Edward Johnfrin
Steuart's Brigade - Brig. Gen. George H Steuatt
FIRST REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Lt. Col. H.A.
Brown -The First Regiment arrived in Gettysburg
too late on July 1 to participate in the battle of
that day. On the 2-nd, however, the Regiment
helped capture the Federal works at the south-
east base of Culp's Hill. On the morning of the
3rd, the First was engaged in the furious fighting
which raged for seven hours about the base of
Culp's Hill. At the close of the action, it retired
to its original positiun.
THIRD REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Maj. W.M.
Parsley - Arriving in Gettysburg at about 7:30
p.m. on July 1, the Third North Carolina, with
Steuart's Brigade, formed a line of battle which
nearly encircled the town. On July 2 the Regi-
ment was deployed to the right of the Brigade,
connecting with the left of Nicholls' Louisiana
Brigade. It took part in the action on Culp's
Hill on the morning of July 3. The Regiment
suffered nearly 75% losses in the Battle of
Rodes' Division - Maj. G^n. Robert E. Rodes
Daniel's Brigade - Brig. Gen. Junius Daniel
THIRTY-SECOND REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
E.G. Brabble - On July 1 the Thirty-second
Regiment was actively engaged throughout the
afternoon. On the 2nd it was posted behind the
Theological Seminary as part of the support to
the batteries. On the third day the Regiment,
with the rest of the Brigade, was ordered to
hold an entrenchment to the northeast of Gettys-
burg, from which position it fell back under
orders at about 5:00 p.m. During the three days'
fighting the Regiment lost in killed and wounded
147 officers and men.
FORTY-THIRD REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Thomas S. Kenan - Upon arrival at Gettysburg on
July 1, the Forty-third Regiment went in on the
Confederate left. In the artillery duel on the
2nd the Regiment supported a battery on the
ridge just north of the Seminary buildings. On
July 3 the Regiment was ordered to the support
of Johnson's Division on Culp's HiU. Holding
its position until night, Jihe Division was finally
forced to withdraw, and the Forty-third re-
occupi«d its first position on Seminary, Ridge.
FORTY-FIFTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Lt. Col.
S.H. Boyd, Maj. John R. Winston, Capt. A.H.
Galloway, Capt. J. A. Hopkins - The Forty-fifth
arrived on the field at Gettysburg on the after-
noon of July 1. It was engaged on the Confed-
erate left on that day, and on July 2 was in
support of artillery. On July 3 the Regiment was
in the Culp's Hill assault.
FIFTY-THIRD REGIMEJSTT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
W.A. Owens - The Fifty-third North Carolina,
which became a part of the Army of Northern
Virginia after the Battle of Chancellorsville, was
engaged on the Confederate left on July 1. It
was assigned to various positions along the
line of support on July 2 and participated in the
assault on Gulp's Hill on the morning of the 3rd.
SECOND BATTALION N.C. INFANTRY - Lt. Col.
H.L. Andrews, Capt. Van Brown - Striking out
from Carlisle on June 30, the Second Battalion
reached Gettysburg in time to participate in the
action of July 1, 1863. It was not engaged on
July 2 but took part in the attack on Culp's Hill
on the 3rd. At Gettysburg the Battalion lost
29 men killed and 124 wounded.
Iverson's Brigade - Brig. Gen. Alfred Iverson
FIFTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Capt. Speight
B. West, Capt. Benjamin Robinson - The Fifth
Regiment was heavily engaged on the first day
at Gettysburg. Its losses are listed in the
Official Records as 31 killed and 112 wounded.
TWELFTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Lt. Col.
W.S. Davis - The Twelfth Regiment was actively
engaged in the first day's action at Gettysburg
but does not appear to have taken part in the
action on July 2 and 3. Owing to the Regiment's
position in the Brigade, which lost over 500
men on the first day, the Twelfth left the field
with relatively few losses.
TWENTIETH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Lt. Col.
Nelson Slough, Capt. Lewis T. Hicks - The
Twentieth Regiment participated in all three
days of the Battle of Gettysburg. In the fighting
of the first, nearly 220 of the Regiment were
captured with the colors A number of the men
were later recaptured by Capt. Galloway of the
Forty-fifth North Carolina.
TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
D.H. Christie, Capt. William K. Johnston - With
Iverson's Brigade in its costly assault on the
Federal brigades of Baxter and Paul, the Twenty-
third lost heavily in the first day's action. Its
losses, which included Col. Christie, nave
been estimated at over 150. The few remaining
men in the Regiment were not taken into battle
on the following two days.
Ramseur's Brigade - Brig. Gen. S.D. Ramseur
SECOND REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Maj. D.W.
Hurtt, Capt. James T. Scales - On July 1 the
Second Regiment helped capture the Union
position on Oak Hill. It also assisted in driving
the Federals through Gettysburg and was one of
the first Confederate units to enter the town.
The Regiment saw little action on the 2nd and
3rd of July, being held in reserve.
FOURTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col. Bryan
Grimes - The Fourth Regiment arrived at Gettys-
burg at about 3:00 p.m., July 1, and was on the
left of the Brigade as it drove the enemy through
the town. The Fourth claimed to have been the
first regiment to enter the town of Gettysburg.
FOURTEENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
R. Tyler Bennett, Maj. Joseph H. Lambeth - When
the dislodged Federals were ' being driven
through Gettysburg on July 1, the Fourteenth
Regiment, with the Second, Fourth and Thirtieth,
penetrated the town from the northwest and
drove the enemy to the protection of Cemetery
Ridge. On the second day the Regiment occupied
a road on the outskirts of town and took no part
either in that or in the following day's action.
THIRTIETH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Francis M. Parker, Maj. W.W. Sillers - In moving
to the field of Gettysburg, the Thirtieth Regi-
ment constituted the rearguard of Rodes' Divi-
sioiT train. It arrived on the field in the after-
noon of the first day and fought on the left of
Rodes' line, driving the enemy through the
town. On the second and third days, Ramseur's
Brigade, of which the Thirtieth formed a part,
was not seriously engaged.
HI CORPS - LIEUT. GEN. AMBROSE P. HILL
Heth's Division - Maj. Gen. Henry Heth
Pettigrew's Brigade - Brig. Gen. Johnston Pettigrew
ELEVENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Collett Leventhorpe - The Eleventh Regiment
saw action mainly in North Carolina prior to May,
1863. Assigned in June of that year to Heth's
Division, the Regiment served there at Gettys-
burg where it participated in the first and third
day's action. Company A, which crossed the
Potomac with 100 men, came out of the charge
on Cemetery Ridge with a lieutenant and 8 men.
TWENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Henry K. Burgwyn, Capt. H.C. Albright - The
celebrated Twenty-sixth Regiment tooK an
active part in the action of July 1, 1863, where
it engaged the famous Iron Brigade, particularly
the Twenty-fourth Michigan, in McPherson's
Woods. Subsequently, the Regiment bivouacked
and did not take part in the battle of July 2. It
was with Pettigrew in the charge on the 3rd. The
first day the Regiment went in with 800 men and
came out with 216 unhurt. Every man in Company
F was either killed or wounded. On July 3
approximately 80 of the remaining men and
officers returned from the Cemetery Ridge
FORTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
G.H. Faribault - The Forty-seventh arrived in
Gettysburg in time to participate in the opening
phases of the battle of July 1. It was engaged
throughout the first day but was inactive on
July 2. On the third day it took part in the
charge on Cemetery Ridge.
FIFTY-SECOND REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
J.K. Marshall, Lt. Col. Marcus A. Parks - The
Fifty-second Regiment was actively engaged
in the first and third day's action at Gettysburg.
It took part in the charge on July 3. Its total
losses in both engagements were 33 killed, 114
wounded and 169 missing.
Davis' Brigade - Brig. Gen. Joseph R. Davis
FIFTY-FIFTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
J.K. Connally - Active throughout the first day
at Gettysburg, the Fifty-fifth lost many of its
number when they entered the unfinished rail-
road cut. On the 2nd of July the Regiment rested,
and on the 3rd it took part in the charge. All
the field officers and all the captains in the
Fifty-fifth were either killed, wounded or
captured at Gettysburg.
Pender's Division- Maj. Gen. W. Dorsey Pender
Lane's Brigade - Brig. Gen. James H. Lane
SEVENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Capt. J.
McLeod Turner, Capt. James G. Harris - On the
first day at Gettysburg the Seventh Regiment
covered the right of the Brigade as it advanced
to watch the movement of enemy cavalry. It
subsequently joined the Brigade at Seminary
Ridge. Inactive on July 2, the Seventh took
part in the charge on July 3, where it lost 17
killed, 84 wounded and 41 missing.
EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
John D. Barry - Active in all three days of the
Battle of Gettysburg, the Eighteenth took part
in supporting Heth's Division and later was in
the front line on July 1. On July 2 the Regiment
was sent to support a battery near the Theolog-
ical College but was again with Lane's Brigade
in its advance in the evening. On the third day
the Eighteenth took part in the charge.
TWENTY-EIGHTH N.C. TROOPS - Col. S.D. Lowe-
Having fought with Lane's Brigade on July 1,
the Twenty-eighth was not actively engaged
during the second day's action, though under
heavy artillery fire several times. On July 3
the Twenty-eighth performed valiantly in the
charge upon Cemetery Ridge and was the "last
command to leave the field." Its losses were
12 killed and 92 wounded.
THIRTY-THIRD REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
Clark M. Avery - Advancing towards Gettysburg
on July 1, the Thirty-third came upon the enemy
in force and engaged him in battle at about
4:00 p.m. Though exposed to shelling on July 2,
the Regiment was not actively engaged. In the
charge on the 3rd the Regiment was on the left
of Lane's Brigade, which formed the left of the
supporting line. During that action the Regiment
lost 10 killed and 53 wounded.
THIRTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS -
Col. W.M. Barbour - Arriving on the Gettysburg
battlefield on the morning of .July 1, the Regi-
ment formed a line in the rear of Heth's Division
and helped secure Seminary Ridge. IJnder
severe artillery fire, the Thirty-seventh held
the Seminary Ridge position throughout the
second day. On July 3 it took part in the charge
under General Trimble.
Scales' Brigade - Brig. Gen. A.M. Scales
(led by Col. If. Lee J. Lou rauce
/■« Cemetery Ridge assault)
THIRTEENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
J.H. Hyman, Lt. Col. H.A. Rogers - In the
assault on the Seminary on July 1 the Thirteenth
Regiment lost in killed and wounded 150 men,
having entered the field with 180. On July 2,
15 men returned to the Regiment from outpost
duty. In the third day's action the Regiment was
in the supporting line under command of a
second lieutenant. He was wounded, leaving
only 44 men in the ranks. In the charge 23 more,
men were killed or vrounded, leaving 21. half
of whom were captured in the retreat from
SIXTEENTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Capt.
L.W. Stowe - In the three- day Battle of Gettys-
burg the Sixteenth Regiment lost 75 men killed
and wounded. The Regiment took part in the
charge on July 3.
TWENTY-SECOND REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
James Conner - The Twenty-second Regiment,
whose first colonel was the famed Johnston
Pettigrew, took part in all three days of the
Battle of Gettysburg. It supported Heth's
Division in the charge on Cemetery Ridge.
THIRTY-FOURTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
William Lee J. Lowrance, Lt. Col. G.T. Gordon -
The Thirty-fourth took part in the first day's
action and in the Cemetery Ridge assault. At
the Falling Water pontoon bridge, the Regiment
was among the last to cross the Potomac.
THIRTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT N.C. TROOPS - Col.
W.J. Hoke, Lt. Col. John Ashford - In the action
of the first day, the Thirty-eighth lost approx-
imately 100 men killed, wounded and captured.
It was inactive on the second day but took part
in the charge on the third. After the third
day's battle the Regiment had some 40 men,
commanded by a first lieutenant.
COMPANY C, FIRST REGIMENT N.C. ARTILLERY-
Capt. Joseph Graham - Company C of the First
Regiment N.C. Artillery joined Lee's army two
miles from Winchester, Virginia, and was there
attached to Pogue's Battalion. It arrived at
Cashtown June 30, 1863, and on July 1 reached
Gettysburg. The Company was actively engaged
throughout the first day on Hill's front, and on
July 4 retired toward Maryland with the army.
Stuart's Cavalry Division - Maj. Gen. James Ewell
Wade Hampton's Brigade
(commanded by Col. L.S. Baker after Hampton's
wounding July 2)
FIRST REGIMENT N.C. CAVALRY - Col. L.S.
Baker - The First Regiment N.C. Cavalry took
part in Stuart's movements from Culpeper to
Gettysburg, It penetrated the enemy's territory
as far as Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where it
burned the Federal barracks. On July 2 it
joined Lee at Gettysburg and on the 3rd was
engaged at Hanover.
Beverly M. Robertson's Brigade
FOURTH REGIMENT N.C. CAVALRY - Col. D.D.
Ferrebee - The Fourth Regiment N.C. Cavalry;
was in Chambersburg on July 1 but that night
moved in the direction of Carlisle. Turning to
the right, it then headed toward Gettysburg,
arriving there on the morning of the 3rd. On the
3rd it was engaged near Fairfield and on the
4th was with the Brigade to guard wagon trains
moving toward Williamsport.
FIFTH REGIMENT N.C. CAVALRY - The Fifth
Regiment reached the field of Gettysburg early
in the morning of July 3 and was engaged at
Fairfield during the afternoon of that day. It
took part in covering the wagons on Lee's
retreat to Virginia.
W.F.H. ("Rooney") Lee's Brigade -
John Chambliss, Jr.
SECOND REGIMENT N.C. CAVALRY - The Second
Cavalry took part in the movements of Stuart
from Culpeper to Carlisle and was engaged at
Hanover on July 3.
NOV 16 1)95
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